Ghana is a remarkable country with a population of over 24 million people, consists of many ethnic groups like Akans which are mostly living in the central and southern part of the country, Ga and Adangbe tribe peoples who lives in Accra, Guang Peoples are the inhabitants of rainforest region, while the Dagombas, Mamprusi, Gurunsi and Gonjas tribes are present in the northern region of the country. Despite of many ethnic groups living in the country from centuries, Ghana has an outstanding and intriguing culture, heritage and traditional values. Ghana’s people follows their customs and religion deeply, but the overall culture of the country is a very impressive combination of social activities like gatherings, celebrations on different occasions, hospitality and harmony.
Although the country has a long colonial past but after the independence Ghana improved efficiently and now the country is among one of the safest and moderate country of African continent. Travelling across Ghana and meeting with different peoples, experiencing their traditions and etiquette along with phenomenal heritage is a spectacular way to explore this beautiful country. And by keeping in view some of the important facts about the culture of Ghana, will surely help out you in a better way to communicate and understand these hospitable peoples.
Etiquette and Customs of Ghana
The common greetings of Ghanaians culture varies among the different ethnic groups, while the most common greeting method with the foreigners is to handshake with a smile. Whereas there is no such supposition of any gift whenever you are invited to dinner at any Ghanaians home, except a gift for the child’s of that home which is very good according to the traditions of Ghana. While the gift should be given from right hand or from both hands but not from left hand, and also it will be nice to wrapped the gift properly. Mama and Auntie Words are generally used for giving respects when speaking to older women, and it is very unpleasant in Ghanaians society to use left hand for any work like in eating, accepting something or in money exchange.
Generally the popular foods in Ghana are sauce or soup, fish, snails, meat and mushrooms with a combination of staple foods like cassava, sweet potatoes, millet, sorghum, cocoyam, maize, rice, wheat and many more. The dishes made from rice and maize are Akple, Kenkey, Tou Zaafi, Plain rice (boiled rice), Omo Tou which are mashed cooked rice, and the Jollof rice which is served with boil meat, spices and tomatoes.
Music, Dance & Festivals
The people of Ghana loves their music and dance, but every ethnic group has its own traditional dresses and dances. The celebrations of festivals with music and dance is an essential part of life in Ghana either it is wedding, child-birth, Independence Day, funerals or at school functions. There is a main cultural festival in Ghana known as durbars which held every year that brings out some of the important aspects of this nation like remembering their ancestors. Others festivals includes; Dipo, Aboakyir, Bakatue and much more.